2023, Vol. 3, Issue 1, Part A
Condemnation of organ, its impact on public health, and its economic importance in cattle slaughtered at chiro municipal abattoir, Eastern Ethiopia
Author(s): Mohammedkemal Mustefa Ame, Bayan Ahmed, Megarsa Abdulhamid, Fathi Mohammed Sayaka, Mohammed Bedruddin, Mohammed Jemal and Meditu Tofiq
Abstract: A cross-sectional study was conducted between November 2016 and April 2017 with the goal of determining the primary reason for organ condemnation, identifying risk variables related with it, and calculating the direct financial losses connected with it in calves slaughtered at the Chiro Municipal abattoir in Eastern Ethiopia. Animals were examined pre- and post-slaughter to find any physical defects and severe pathological lesions that can cause organ rejection. 185 (48.2%) of the 384 calves analyzed tested positive for one or more organs that were condemned during postmortem assessment. Among the organs evaluated, 105 (27.3%), 55 (14.3%), 18, 4.68%), and 7 (1.8%) hearts were found to be defective. Fasciolosis (14.6%), hydatidosis (9.38%), cirrhosis (6.25%), calcification (2.6%), emphysema (2.34%), percarditis (2.6%), hydro nephrosis (1.7%), pneumonia (4.09%), Cysticercus bovis (0.5%), and abscess (1.56%) were the major clinical diseases that resulted in the total condemnation of organs. Organ condemnation rates change significantly (P< 0.05) depending on age group, animal origin, and bodily condition. The total monetary loss attributed to organ condemnation was assessed in this study to be 138,784.00 ETB annually. The veterinary institution must therefore develop suitable control methods in response to the observation of such a high level of variations, significant financial loss, and condemnation of damaged organs.
Pages: 52-58 | Views: 47 | Downloads: 29
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How to cite this article:
Mohammedkemal Mustefa Ame, Bayan Ahmed, Megarsa Abdulhamid, Fathi Mohammed Sayaka, Mohammed Bedruddin, Mohammed Jemal, Meditu Tofiq. Condemnation of organ, its impact on public health, and its economic importance in cattle slaughtered at chiro municipal abattoir, Eastern Ethiopia. Zool Entomol Lett 2023;3(1):52-58.