Zoological and Entomological Letters
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P-ISSN: 2788-8428, E-ISSN: 2788-8436

2021, Vol. 1, Issue 2, Part A


Prevalence and associated risk factors of bovine tuberculosis in ambo and Debre Berhan dairy farms, central Ethiopia


Author(s): Efe Dinki, Mesele Abera, Alehegne Wubete, Tafesse Koran and Monenus Etefa

Abstract: Bovine tuberculosis (BTB) is a chronic bacterial disease of animals and humans and is a major infectious disease among cattle, other domesticated animals, and certain wildlife populations in a which principally caused by Mycobacterium bovis and characterized by progressive development of tubercles in any tissue/organ of the body. A cross-sectional study on bovine tuberculosis was carried out in Debre Berhan and Ambo dairy farms from October 2013 to March 2014 to estimate the prevalence of Bovine tuberculosis. A total of 413 animals from 42 herds were subjected to comparative intradermal tuberculin test (CIDT). The result of CIDT indicates an overall prevalence of 7.02% (29/413) at individual animal level and prevalence of 26.19% (11/42) at herd level in both study area. Prevalence of 11.9% and 100% were recorded at individual animal level and herd level respectively in Ambo. Whereas in Debre Berhan the prevalence at individual animal level and herd level were 3.67% and 18.42% respectively. The prevalence of BTB within age group <2 year, 2-6 years, 6-10 years and ≥ 10 years was 1.33%, 10.41%, 4.44% and 3.70% respectively. This difference was statistically significant (P< 0.05). However there was no statistically significant difference (P>0.05) observed in prevalence of BTB between sex, farm size, breed and body condition of animals in the present study.

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Zoological and Entomological Letters
How to cite this article:
Efe Dinki, Mesele Abera, Alehegne Wubete, Tafesse Koran, Monenus Etefa. Prevalence and associated risk factors of bovine tuberculosis in ambo and Debre Berhan dairy farms, central Ethiopia. Zool Entomol Lett 2021;1(2):26-30.

Zoological and Entomological Letters